Design and fabrication of an instrument for splitted jute fiber length measurement

  • Authors

    • Md. Redwanul Islam
    • Hosne Ara Begum
    • Md. Sharif Ahmed
    • H. M. Zakir Hossain
    • Fahmida-E- Karim
  • Splited Jute Fiber; Arduino UNO; Ultrasonic Distance Sensor; Image-J Software; C-Programming.
  • Fibers are the main raw materials in the textile industry. Now-a-days various types of fibers are available around the world but all fibers are not textile fibers. Because for being textile fibers, the fibers must have some particular physical and chemical properties. The length of natu-ral fiber plays an important role both in the spinning process and product quality. In this work, it is highlighted about a long staple natural fiber which is called jute fiber. In the 19th century, jute fiber was called the *Golden Fiber* of Bangladesh. After that this fiber lost its name and fame for the cause of our negligence and lack of knowledge. It is very difficult to know about jute because a few people were working on it. Though it’s a long fiber but there are some problems with its fixed length because this fiber consists of a large number of ultimate cells whose length is 1.5 to 4 millimeters and these cells are attached by lignin which is known as natural cement. A long fiber which is 5 to 10 feet forms after attaching these ultimate cells. During the retting period some of the lignin layers break down and long fiber length of fibers becomes shorter. Another important thing is these fibers have a mesh structure for this reason it’s difficult to identify the actual length of the fibers. That’s why fibers obtained after retting are passed through jute carding machines. The main function of the jute carding machine is to split up and break down the mesh structure. After carding, it’s quite easy to measure the length of splited jute fibers. There are not any suit-able machines for measuring the length of jute fibers. Previously people use the scale for measuring the jute fibers' length manually, through this it is so difficult to measure the length of the long fibers accurately. Here an instrument has been designed with Arduino UNO, Ultrason-ic distance sensor, Image-j software, C-programming and fabricated for measuring the fibers' length easily and accurately as well as this instrument can measure the number of fibers in that particular length. By using this instrument anyone can easily measure the length of the fibers and the number of fibers within a short possible time efficiently.

  • References

    1. Islam MM, Ali MS. Industrial Research Advances of Jute in Bangladesh. International Journal of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering. 2018;3(1):1-9.
    2. Feroz HM, Nahar J, Rahman M. Eco-friendly jute processing in Bangladesh. Journal of Chemical Engineering. 2011;26:70-4.
    3. R. R. ATKINSON, A.T.I. Jute Fiber to Yarn (Book): B.I. Publocation, 1965. p. 11.
    4. Mwaikambo LY. Tensile properties of alkalised jute fibres. BioResources. 2009 Mar 13;4(2):566-88.
    5. Mwaikambo LY, Ansell MP. The effect of chemical treatment on the properties of hemp, sisal, jute and kapok for composite reinforcement. Die angewandte makromolekulare Chemie. 1999 Dec 1;272(1):108-16.<108::AID-APMC108>3.0.CO;2-9.
    6. Mukherjee A, Ganguly PK, Sur D. Structural mechanics of jute: the effects of hemicellulose or lignin removal. Journal of the Textile Institute. 1993 Jan 1;84(3):348-53.
    7. Fu SY, Lauke B. Effects of fiber length and fiber orientation distributions on the tensile strength of short-fiber-reinforced polymers. Composites Science and Technology. 1996 Jan 1;56(10):1179-90.
    8. Form and Style for ASTM Standards - Technical Committees - Get Involved [Internet]. 2022 [cited 28 April 2022]. Available from: .
    9. Tsai WY, Chen HC, Liao TL. An ultrasonic air temperature measurement system with self-correction function for humidity. Measurement science and technology. 2005 Jan 21;16(2):548.
    10. Kumar P, Kumar P. Arduino based wireless intrusion detection using IR sensor and GSM. International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing. 2013 May;2(5):417-24.
    11. C ++ Programming Language? | C Plus Plus [Internet]. 2022 [cited 28 March 2022]. Available from:
    12. The basics of Arduino programming: program structure, functi [Internet]. Arduino Project Hub. 2022 [cited 30 March 2022]. Available from:
  • Downloads

  • How to Cite

    Islam , M. R. ., Begum , H. A. ., Ahmed , M. S. ., Hossain , H. M. Z. ., & Karim , F.-E.-. (2022). Design and fabrication of an instrument for splitted jute fiber length measurement. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 11(2), 108-113.