Numerical characterization of solar radiation applied to a simplified five parameters diode model of a photovoltaic module in the city of Ngaoundere

  • Authors

    • Fouakeu-nanfack Gildas Armel Laboratory of Energetics and Applied Thermal, ENSAI-University of Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
    • Bikai Jacques University of Ngaoundere, Cameroon
    • Ngouem Felix Junior University Institute of Technology (IUT), University of Ngaoundere, Cameroon
    • Ndjiya Ngasop University of Ngaoundere, Cameroon
    • Marcel Edoun
    • Edoun Marcel University of Ngaoundere, Cameroon
  • Numerical Characterization; Solar Radiation; Photovoltaic Module; Performance.
  • In this paper, another simple and accurate approach to reconstructing the characteristics of a photovoltaic (PV) array exposed to solar radia-tion has been presented. This approach uses a five-parameter diode model. The approach is based exclusively on the manufacturer's data (three-point method: short-circuit current, open-circuit voltage, maximum power point). To carry out this work, we first carried out a numer-ical characterization of local solar radiation in the city of Ngaoundere. We then established the mathematical equations describing a solar photovoltaic module, and ran a numerical simulation on Matlab Simulink under standard conditions. The electrical parameters of the photo-voltaic generator and its optimal electrical quantities (current, voltage and power) were analyzed as a function of meteorological variations (temperature, irradiance) and series resistance. The simulation results show that we can achieve a maximum solar irradiance of 1214.9W/m2 in the city of Ngaoundere at solar noon. It has been shown that increasing solar irradiance is one of the most productive factors in a PV module. It was also shown that increasing temperature and series resistance considerably reduces the performance of a solar photovoltaic module. This result has enabled us to confirm that these PV cells perform best in a cold, clear-sky environment.

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  • How to Cite

    Gildas Armel , F.- nanfack ., Jacques , B. ., Felix Junior , N. ., Ngasop , N. ., Edoun, M., & Marcel , E. . (2024). Numerical characterization of solar radiation applied to a simplified five parameters diode model of a photovoltaic module in the city of Ngaoundere. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 13(1), 132-139.