The strategy of simulation effects of wind speed, variation of turbine blades and it’s interaction to power generated by vertical axis wind turbine using NACA 2412

  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • PDF
  • Abstract

    The objective of this paper is to simulate the effects upon the wind speed, variation of turbine blades and interaction of wind speed and variation of turbine blades to the power capacity generated by Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) using NACA 2412 and to stratify the power capacity generated by the VAWT simulation. The research backgrounds are the wind-energy potential in Indonesia is about 9.290 MW and has already elaborated by Ministry of Mining, and Energy Resources is about 50 MW. This wind energy is environmentally (clean energy), economically (cheapest), easy to operate and easy to maintain, also renewable energy. The method of analysis is quantitative approach using two way classification (analysis of variance or design of experiments). The research variables are wind speed, variation of turbine blades and this interaction among independent variables and the power capacity as dependent variables. Data wind speed simulation vary from 3 m/s till 6 m/s. The quantity of turbine blades vary from 3 till 8 units. The finding from this research is accepted the null hypothesis or not differ significantly at 5% from each independent variable. The scenario and the parameters during the strategy development use turbine blades, wind speed and power generated by VAWT and the maximum power generated is 16.38 watt. The wind speed is 6 m/s and the number of turbine blade is 4 units. However, the minimum power generated by VAWT is 0.45 watt, the wind speed is 6 m/s and the number of turbine blade is 3 units.

  • Keywords

    VAWT; NACA 2412; Wind Speed; Turbine Blades; Power; Renewable Energy.

  • References

      [1] Creswell, JW. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches.. 3rd ed. Sage Publications. New Delhi: 2009.

      [2] Carrigan, TJ. Aerodyanamic Shape Optimization of A Vertical Axis Wind Turbines. Master of Science Aerospace Engineering – The University of Texas. Arlington: 2010.

      [3] Dabiri, JO. Potential Order Of Magnitude Of Enhancement Of Wind Farm Power Density Via Counter-Rotating Vertical Axis Wind Turbines Arrays. Journal af Renewable and Sustainable Energy 3, 043104: 2011.

      [4] DeCoste, J. Denis McKay, Brian Robinson, Shaun Whitehead, and Stephen Wright. Self Starting Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. Mechanical Engineering. Dalhousie University. 2006.

      [5] Hicks, CR. Fundamental concept in the design of experiments. CBS College Publishing, New York: 1982.

      [6] Handbook of Energy and Economic Statistics of Indonesia, PUSDATIN, Jakarta (2014): Accessed on July 16, 2015.

      [7] Accessed on July 4, 2015

      [8] Accessed on July 16, 2015.

      [9] Kemp, WH. The Renewable Energy Handbook. Aztext Press . Canada: 2009.

      [10] Kinzel, M. Quinn Mulligan and John O Dabiri. Energy Exchange in Array of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. Journal of Turbulence. Vol. 13. No. 38. pp 1-3: 2012.

      [11] Law AM and W David Kelton. Simulation Modeling and Analysis. McGraw-Hill Book Company. New York: 1982 Accessed on July 16, 2015.

      [12] Muis, A, Priyono Sutikno, Aryadi Soewono, and Firman Hartono..Design optimization of axial hydraulic turbine for very low head application. Journal Elsevier – Energy Procedia. 2015: 68, p 262-281.

      [13] Purwono, BSA, Suyanta, and Rahbini. Bio-gas digester as an alternaive energy strategy in the marginal villages in Indonesia. Journal Elsevier – Energy Procedia. 2013: 32, p 136-144.

      [14] Purwono, BSA, Rahbini, Ubud Salim, Djuwahir, and Solimun.Analysis of dominants’ factors of national renewable energy strategy. Journal Elsevier – Energy Procedia. 2015: 68, p 336-344.

      [15] Partowidagdo, W. Migas dan Energi di Indonesia: Permasalahan dan Analisis Kebijakan. Penerbit Development Studies Foundation. Bandung: 2010.

      [16] Seetharam, HC, and EJ Rodgers and WH Wentz, Jr. Experiment Studies of Flow Separation of the NACA Airfoil 2412 at Low Speeds. Aeronautical Engineering Department. Wichita State University. Wichita. Kansas: 1977.

      [17] Veers, PS. A General Method for Fatigue Analysis of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. Sandia National Laboratories. Albuquerque: 1983.

      [18] Wheelen, T L., and Hunger, JD. Strategic Management and Business Policy, Ninth Edition, Pearson-Prentice Hall, New Jersey: 2004.




Article ID: 9314
DOI: 10.14419/ijet.v7i1.2.9314

Copyright © 2012-2015 Science Publishing Corporation Inc. All rights reserved.