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Author Guidelines

Online Submission

Manuscripts should be in English. They should be written clearly and concisely in  MS Word files via online submission. The papers will be refereed within one month of submission.

Terms of Submission

Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any publisher. The submitting author is responsible for ensuring that the article's publication has been approved by all the other co-authors. It is also the author's responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular institution are submitted with the approval of the necessary institution. Only an acknowledgment from the editorial office officially establishes the date of receipt. Further correspondence and proof will be sent to the author(s) before publication unless otherwise indicated. It is the condition of submission of a paper that the authors permit editing of the paper for readability.

Peer Review

All manuscripts are subject to peer review and are expected to meet standards of academic excellence. Submissions will be considered by an editor if not rejected by peer reviewers, whose identities will remain anonymous to the authors.

Title and Authorship Information

The following information should be included:

  • Paper title
  • Author's full name
  • Full institutional mailing addresses
  • Corresponding author's email


The manuscript should contain an abstract. The abstract should be self-contained and citation-free and should not exceed 200 words. The abstract should state the purpose, approach, results and conclusions of the work. The author should assume that the reader has some knowledge of the subject but has not read the paper. Thus, the abstract should be intelligible and complete in itself (no numerical references); it should not cite figures, tables, or sections of the paper. The abstract should be written using third person instead of first person.

Abstract format varies as follows:

Review articles: abstracts need not be structured.

Clinical and basic research studies: It must have structured abstracts of no more than 250 words. Abstracts must be written in third person. Abstracts for clinical studies should have the following subheadings: Background, Objectives, Methods, Results and Conclusions.

Laboratory studies and new apparatuses and techniques: a shorter form is requested. These abstracts should have the following subheadings: Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions.

Preliminary/short communications and case reports: an unstructured abstract of no more than 150 words is required.


Five key words (for the purposes of indexing) should be supplied below the abstract, in alphabetical order.


If any material in the manuscript is from a prior copyrighted publication, the manuscript must be accompanied by a letter of permission from the copyright holder. However, we prefer not to publish figures that have been published elsewhere. If applicable, permission to use unpublished data and personal communications must be included.


Do not submit papers written with editors other than MS Word or Latex as they will not be accepted for review. Save the files compatible with many versions of MS Word (avoid document extension other than *.doc, *.docx or *.rtf). Do not submit papers without performing a careful spell check and an English language grammar check.

Articles written in poor English will be rejected without any scientific review. Any article which does not meet the writing guidelines will be rejected. Any articles that have been plagiarized will be rejected, and the authors will be banned from publishing in the journal.

Use correct symbols for physical or technical terms. (Example: ε0 and not ε0 for permittivity) Do not repeat definitions throughout the article. Refer to already defined symbols, equations, theorems by using the cross reference number. (Example: As pointed in (1)…)

Authors should use subheadings to divide the sections of their manuscript: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements and References.

Headings and format

Sections and subsections should be numbered as 1, 2, etc. and 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2 respectively. Capital letters should be used for the initial letter of each noun and adjective in the section titles; the section should be formatted as left, bold, Times New Roman, and 12pt font size. For subsections (left, bold, Times New Roman, and 10pt), the initial letter of the first word should be capitalized and also similarly for other sub-subsections (left, bold, Times New Roman, and 9pt).

Figures, photos, tables, and equations 

A table, figure, equation, and the corresponding text which is describing it should be placed on the same page. Otherwise, it may be placed on the page immediately following it. One page may contain images no more than 2/3 of its entire content. Do not add multiple or irrelevant photos in your article. Photos must be crystal clear with high resolution to allow visibility of fine details. If necessary, put two figures on horizontal arrangement. The elements from any photo must be explained using numbers, letters, etc. The text within a figure or photo must have the same style, shape and height as the caption.

Any table, figure or picture must have a caption (Fig.1, Table 1, etc.) followed by a proper description. (Example: Fig.2. The experimental setup: 1-Agilent E8257D signal generator, 2-antenna, 3-16dB attenuator)

All similar graphics must be generated using the same software. (Excel, Origin, Mathematica, etc.) Importing graphics into the article as images (JPG, BMP, PNG, etc.) should be avoided. All similar electronic schematics, charts, program flow, simulated characteristics, etc. from the article should be generated using the same software product. Importing images from other articles or books is forbidden unless they are cited.

Labels of figures and tables

A figure or photo should be labeled with "Fig.” and a table with “Table.” It must be assigned with Arabic numerals as a figure or a table number; the figure number and caption should be placed below the figure or photo. The first letter of the caption should be in capital letters. (Example: Fig.1) The first letter of the description following it should be in capital letters. (Example: Fig.1 The experimental setup.) The table number and caption should be placed at the top of the table. Use Table 1 format as a model for your tables. Be careful to keep the same aspect for all the tables in the article despite the number of columns.

Figures and tables should be placed in the middle of the page between the left and right margins. More than one figure or one table is accepted on horizontal arrangement for efficient use of space. Reference to the figure in the text should read "Fig.” instead of “Figure.” Figures and tables should be sized as they are to appear in print. Check the visibility of your figures, tables or pictures by creating a press resolution PDF with at least 3600dpi. Articles with figures or tables incorrectly sized will be returned to the author for reformatting.

Main results

Focus on original results and discuss those results compared with results from references . You can also compare simulations with experimental results. Do not compare simulations with other simulations if you do not have a very good reason to do so. Do not expect the reader to search for your results throughout the article and references. Do not present results as a well-known theory. A good result may contain only a good explanation of your novel idea, a measuring methodology, a design or all of them. Be specific naming your results: the results are purely theoretical, simulations, simulations followed by experimental measurements, experimental measurements followed by manufacturing prototypes, etc.


In this section, you should present the conclusion of the paper. Conclusions must focus on the novelty and exceptional results you acquired. Allow sufficient space in the article for conclusions. Do not repeat the contents of Introduction or the Abstract. Focus on the essential ideas of your article.


This is a text of acknowledgements. Do not forget people who have assisted you with your work. Do not go overboard with your appreciation. If your work has been paid for by a grant, mention the grant's name and number here.


The editor and publisher recommend that citation of online published papers and other material should be done via a DOI (digital object identifier), which all reputable online published material should have – see for more information. If an author cites anything which does not have a DOI, they run the risk of the cited material not being traceable.

References within the text should cite the author's names followed by the date of publication, in chronological date order, e.g. (Lewis 1975, Barnett 1992, Chalmers 1994). Where there are more than two authors, the first author's name followed by et al. will suffice, e.g. (Barder et al. 1994), but all authors should be cited in the reference list. ''et al.'' should be presented in italics followed by a full stop only. Page numbers should be given in the text for all quotations..e.g. (Chalmers 1994, p. 7) All references should be cited from primary sources.

Where more than one reference is being cited in the same pair of brackets, the reference should be separated by a comma; authors and dates should not be separated by a comma, thus (Smith 1970, Jones 1980). Where there are two authors being cited in brackets, then they should be joined by an ''&'' thus (Smith & Jones 1975).

When a paper is cited, the reference list should include author's surnames and initials, date of publication, title of paper, name of the journal in full (not abbreviated), volume number, and first and last page numbers.


Watson R, Hoogbruin AL, Rumeu C, Beunza M, Barbarin B, MacDonald J & McReady T (2003) Differences and similarities in the perception of caring between Spanish and United Kingdom nurses. Journal of Clinical Nursing 12, 85-92.

When a book is cited, the title should be stated, followed by the publisher and town, county/state (and country if necessary) of publication.


Smith GD & Watson R (2004) Gastroenterology for Nurses. Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Where the reference relates to a chapter in an edited book, details of author and editors should be given as well as publisher, place of publication, and first and last page numbers.


Chalmers KI (1994) Searching for health needs: the work of health visiting. In Research and its Application (Smith JP ed.), Blackwell Science, Oxford, pp. 143-165.

The edition (where appropriate) of all books should be identified, e.g. 2nd edn. References stated as being ''in press'' must have been accepted for publication and a letter of proof from the relevant journal must accompany the final accepted manuscript. Please provide access details for online references where possible:


Lynaugh JE (1997) The International Council of Nurses is Almost 100 years old. University of Pennsylvania, PA. Available at: (accessed 12 December 2002).

The reference list should be prepared on a separate sheet and be in alphabetical order and chronological order by first authors' surnames.

Website references should include the most recent date of access.


Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CMS proposals to implement certain disclosure provision of the Affordable Care Act. Available at: Accessed January 30, 2012.

Personal communications and unpublished data should be cited in the body of the paper in parentheses, not listed in the references section. Manuscripts that have been accepted for publication may be listed as “in press” with DOI if available; manuscripts that have been submitted or are under revision but have not been accepted may not be cited as references.


Corrected proofs must be returned to the publisher within 2-3 days of receipt. The publisher will do everything possible to ensure prompt publication. It will therefore be appreciated if the manuscripts and figures conform from the outset to the style of the journal.

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